A Resource for North Carolina Homeowners’ Associations to Facilitate Solar Projects

Solar Energy Systems


Solar energy systems present a sustainable alternative to conventional energy technologies, with the potential to provide homeowners with a significant portion of their energy needs while safeguarding human health and environmental quality and enhancing property values and economic opportunities throughout the community. While NC Solar Now recognizes these benefits, it is important that these systems are installed in a manner that respects legitimate competing community interests. For purposes of these design guidelines, the phrase “solar energy system” includes both photovoltaic and solar heating and cooling technologies. For information on the benefits of solar, refer to the companion brochure The Benefits of Going Solar: A Resource for North Carolina Homeowners’ Associations for additional information.



All solar energy systems require ARC (architectural review committee or similar reviewing group in an HOA) approval. The following documents must be included along with the required application or request form:

  • Plans showing visibility of the of the system from areas open to common or public access (e.g., public streets, neighboring lots, or associated properties or common areas);
  • A drawing (with dimensions) showing the proposed location of the system and how the equipment will be mounted, as well as a description of any visible auxiliary equipment, and;
  • Photographs or manufacturer literature for all proposed system components including specifications, color, materials, etc.

Following submission of these materials, the ARC will either approve, request additional materials, recommend changes, or deny the system design and location as proposed or, if feasible, determine an alternate location for the system. If the ARC fails to render a decision on the proposed system design and location within thirty (30) days after the submissions of all required application materials, approval will be automatically granted.


To the maximum extent possible, a roof-mount solar energy system shall be installed so as to minimize its exposure when viewed from the area open to common or public access (e.g., public streets, neighboring lots, or associated properties or common areas). Alternatively, the system may be ground- or pole-mounted, provided such a system does not extend above the fence line and is screened from view from areas open to common or public access.

Solar panels on front-facing or side-facing roof surfaces visible from areas open to common or public access must be mounted in the plane of the roof surface minimizing stand-off distance from the roof. Panels in other locations may be angled to achieve optimum solar gain provided the top edge of the panel does not extend above the roof peak. All panels must be located entirely within a boundary defined by the roof eaves and peak. Visibility of the underside of the panels shall be minimized from areas open to common or public access.

Efforts must be made to make the solar energy system an integral and harmonious part of the architectural design of the residence. Visibility of any plumbing, wiring, or auxiliary equipment should be minimized as much as possible. All system components visible from areas open to common or public access and not involved in energy production should be painted to blend with roof coloring.

Because existing trees may reduce access to sunlight and therefore decrease system performance, the ARC will give special consideration to the limited removal of trees outside the normal tree removal requirements or processes. Removed trees shall be replaced to ensure no net loss of trees.

Exceptions to these system design and placement requirements shall be made in compliance with ARC if one or more of these requirements would result in either a significant increase in the cost of the system or a significant decrease in its efficiency or specified performance. For purposes of this exception, “significant” means an amount exceeding 15 percent of the cost of the system, or decreasing efficiency or performance by an amount exceeding 15 percent, as originally specified and proposed. The ARC may require the applicant to provide a written statement by an independent solar energy expert documenting these cost or efficiency and performance impacts. In this case, the ARC will permit variances to these requirements to the minimum extent necessary to avoid significant increases in system costs or significant decreases in system efficiency or performance.


Please note that it is not the role of our team to provide legal advice and that nothing in this document should be construed or relied upon as such. The information herein is for educational purposes only.